Experts Speak

  • December 2, 2021
    Weapons by Private Firms
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Home Ministry held discussions with some 17 private companies for manufacture of arms. It is known that a number of Indian private companies are into defence manufacturing.

  • December 2, 2021
    Indigenous LCH, Drones and EW Suit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi, speaking on the occasion of 'Rashtra Raksha Samarpan Parv' said, “For a long time, we were a nation that was a weapons and defence equipment buyer. Today the mantra is 'Make in India, Make for the World'.”

  • November 14, 2021
    Is China Readying for a Limited War?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China is hardening its force posture including in Eastern Ladakh; demonstrated by the series of operational and tactical measures it is continuing to take. This is hardly to only intimidate India.

  • November 14, 2021
    Boosting Naval Power
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Navy hopes to raise its warships strength from the current 140 to 175 by 2027 which may look ambitious but give the government focus should be feasible

  • November 2, 2021
    China-Turkey Arming Pakistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A China-Pakistan-Turkey triad will be adverse for India both in the conventional and sub-conventional spheres, given that China-Pakistan and Turkey-Pakistan have already been collaborating at the sub-conventional level.

  • November 2, 2021
    New Russian Autonomous Underwater Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles (AUVs) can be used for underwater survey missions such as detecting and mapping submerged wrecks, rocks, and obstructions that can be a hazard to navigation for commercial and recreational vessels

  • October 27, 2021
    Ruckus About AUKUS
    By Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha (Retd)

    AUKUS is a military alliance in which sensitive technology will be transferred by the US to Australia which has the potential of tilting the strategic balance in the region

  • October 16, 2021
    Second Phase Malabar 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The second phase of Malabar 2021 exercise is reflective of the commitment of the participating countries to support a free, open, inclusive Indo-Pacific as well as a rules-based international order

  • October 16, 2021
    Deep Sea - Lurking Danger
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) are already proliferating and as they grow in size and scope, they will add more complex and capable sonar, AI brains, communications links, and other technologies that will allow them to better monitor enemy submarine movements and attack them when required

  • October 6, 2021
    QUAD Leaders Summit and AUKUS
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    QUAD can actually be as powerful as AUKUS or even more, in case the capabilities of all members is built up suitably, under the pledge of sharing critical and futuristic technologies

  • October 6, 2021
    Rocket Force and Theatre Commands
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A committee was constituted that includes Vice Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force, Chief of Integrated Defence Staff and representatives of other ministries and departments, to resolve internal differences of Armed Forces, consult external stake holders like the MHA and MoF and look into the structure, composition, nomenclature and reporting channels of the proposed tri-Service commands

  • October 6, 2021
    Simulators for Armed Forces
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The policy document lays emphasis on indigenous design and development as well as outsourcing of operation and maintenance of simulators to the Indian companies

  • October 6, 2021
    Prime Minister Modi Meets Global CEOs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The excellent initiative taken by the Prime Minister in meeting with the CEOs of global firms will help improve the technological prowess of India, improve the economy, contribute towards Atmanirbhar Bharat and open up more employment opportunities

  • September 16, 2021
    India-Australia 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both India and Australia agreed to work jointly to realise full potential of the bilateral Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP).

  • September 16, 2021
    Minesweeping Criticality
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Though the deal was supposed to be closed in 2016 but discussions on technology transfer (ToT) reportedly caused delays

  • September 16, 2021
    Forces Arming for Drone Warfare
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    All the three services of the Indian Armed Forces are moving ahead speedily for the acquisition of Drones and Anti-Drone technologies, mostly indigenous systems that are developed by Indian companies

  • September 16, 2021
    Landing Platform Docks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    After a lapse of over a decade, MoD now has again revived the project to indigenously build 4 x LPDs for the Indian Navy

  • September 6, 2021
    Vikrant's Light Signaling System
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Navy personnel have been trained by Aerosvet's engineers in installation of light signaling system on INS Vikrant

  • September 6, 2021
    Light Drone Interceptor
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The terrorist threat to India has gone up with the Taliban taking control of Afghanistan. The possibility of terrorists using drones has certainly gone up, as is the possibility of CBRN attacks.

  • August 21, 2021
    Geopolitical Shifts Could Unfold Post T-Afghanistan
    By Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha (Retd)

    China is entering this space created by the withdrawal of US troops. It will like to swiftly maneuver in order to gain significant advantage towards solidifying its continental strategy driven by BRI.

  • August 15, 2021
    US Superpower Image Cracks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With the pull-out from Afghanistan, the superpower image of the US has taken a severe hit and that too at a time when Washington may have to deal with China and Russia collectively

  • August 15, 2021
    Maritime Security to The Fore
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With increasing maritime threats, India is all set to establish a National Maritime Security Coordinator (NSMC). The NSMC will interface between the civilian and military maritime domain with the objective of enhancing security architecture and energy security of India.

  • August 6, 2021
    Coming - MQ-9 Reapers and Armed Herons
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Once cleared by the DAC, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) will need to give its final approval before procurement of the Predator-B armed drones can move forward

  • August 6, 2021
    Malabar Exercise - Signaling China
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    People's Republic of China should be taking cognizance of the global reaction to its belligerent and expansionist territorial claims including its maritime claims in the East and South China seas.

  • August 6, 2021
    Vikrant on Sea Trials
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Vikrant is also known as the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1, or IAC-1. It will be the second ship to bear the name 'Vikrant'.

  • July 19, 2021
    China's Underwater Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Mass deployment of Drones gives a tremendous underwater advantage to Beijing not only for quietly gathering hydrographic data in territorial waters of other countries but also military advantage to the PLA

  • July 19, 2021
    Procuring Kamov Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Armed Forces urgently need 498 light utility helicopters to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah/Chetak fleets, which have been dogged by a high crash rate and serviceability problems.

  • July 6, 2021
    Defence Cyber Command
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Government is planning to set up a 'proper' Cyber Command in the hinterland of Madhya Pradesh for providing a fighting edge to the proposed Theatre Commands

  • June 22, 2021
    Second Negative Import List
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    An all around growth of our defence industry is required, not through the DRDO-OFB-DPSUs alone with role of private defence industry and MSMEs relegated to being subcontracted to the governmental defence industrial complex

  • June 19, 2021
    DAC approves RFP for construction of six submarines
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    This project envisages indigenous construction of six conventional stealth submarines equipped with the state-of-the-art Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, at an estimated cost of 43,000 crore (about $5.8 billion)

  • June 19, 2021
    Pearl in the String
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan earlier had some misgivings on the economic viability of CPEC and that it represents a debt trap but on May 24, 2021, he met China’s Ambassador to Pakistan and reiterated the highest priority accorded by his government to the CPEC

  • June 6, 2021
    Another Chinese Conquest in Colombo
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China getting 220 acres on 99 years lease and 49 acres free-hold in Colombo Port City is a massive strategic victory for Beijing

  • June 6, 2021
    New Runway in Mauritius
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India is fully financing a new three kilometre long runway on the island of North Agalega to develop the Agaléga islands and resolve infrastructural problems faced by the inhabitants

  • May 25, 2021
    Navy’s Utility Helicopter - A Twist in the Tale
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    By 2025, Indian Navy will be faced with a major capability gap for Naval Utility Helicopters.

  • May 25, 2021
    QUAD – Revisited
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) was an informal strategic forum between India, US, Japan and Australia initiated in 2007

  • May 20, 2021
    American Sunset in Afghanistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The US war in Afghanistan is the longest in which some 2,312 US military personnel have died since their invasion in 2001

  • May 20, 2021
    Military Officers As Bureaucrats
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Appointment of serving military officers as Additional Secretary and Joint Secretaries in the DMA is not a big deal as is being made out

  • May 20, 2021
    2-DG Drug Helping COVID-19 Patients
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    DRDO affiliated Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) worked in partnership with Dr Reddy’s Laboratories for the clinical trials showing it to be effective in controlling the pandemic

  • May 20, 2021
    Plugging Armed Forces Criticalities
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Armed Forces are looking at leasing more military equipment and platforms from foreign countries to plug critical operational deficiencies

  • May 20, 2021
    India-UK Defence Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Modi-Johnson virtual meet and adoption of the India-UK Roadmap to 2030 have opened new vistas for taking the bilateral defence relationship to the next level

  • May 6, 2021
    Did Beijing Trigger Second Virus Wave?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Within India, Delhi (the national capital), Mumbai (the financial capital) and Bengaluru (the IT capital) are most affected. This creates the impression that akin to ‘tactical nukes’ China has developed ‘tactical bio-bombs’

  • May 6, 2021
    Indian Navy Getting MH-60R Seahawks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The MH-60R helicopters have been selected by the navies of the United States, Denmark, Australia and Saudi Arabia. Indian Navy will be the latest user

  • May 6, 2021
    More Teeth for Indian Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The requirement for India is to define its role within its IOR strategy and keep providing more teeth to the Indian Navy in keeping with the expanding threats

  • April 20, 2021
    Quad Exercise with French Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The latest edition of 'La Perouse' indicates that the Quad is emerging as the fulcrum of like-minded nations in the Indo-Pacific

  • April 20, 2021
    11th India-China Military Talks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Unlike the last few rounds of talks, there was no India-China joint statement. This is maybe because China is not for anymore disengagement.

  • April 20, 2021
    India in China’s Cyber Crosshairs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) has recently stated that China is capable of launching cyber attacks on large amount of Indian systems

  • April 6, 2021
    US Secretary of Defence visit to India
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Austin said elevating the India-US defence relationship is a priority for the Biden administration while describing the partnership as a stronghold of a free and open Indo-Pacific region

  • April 6, 2021
    Korean Defence Minister Suh Wook’s India Visit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence and security relations between India and Republic of Korea have been on the rise with regular interactions at multiple levels including at ministerial levels

  • March 19, 2021
    First Quad Leaders Summit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The first ever Quad Leaders Summit did give a new signal to China. But the question is whether the Quad will force China to back off?

  • March 19, 2021
    Missile Tracking Ship
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The 15,000 tonne INS Dhruv is one of the largest warships to be built at an Indian yard and was being built under a confidential programme directly under the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)

  • March 19, 2021
    AIP and Nuclear Powered Submarines
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) allows a submarine to remain under water for prolonged periods while also making it quieter. This new technology will add to lethality of Indian submarines.

  • March 19, 2021
    Coming - Armed Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    For India, the SeaGuardian drones will be vital as they can be fitted with anti-missile and radar components, enabling their readiness for any military operation

  • March 15, 2021
    QUAD 3.0: Window of Opportunity for India
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    In the First QUAD Summit, held on March 12, 2021 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Joe Biden, Japan PM Yoshihide Suga and Australian PM Scott Morrison met through virtual mode and shared their vision for the free and open Indo-Pacific

  • March 8, 2021
    The China-Pakistan Threat
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In an article published in Pakistani Media, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi explained that China will continue to work with Pakistan to strengthen their iron friendship and that relations between the countries have become a strategic asset that both sides cherish

  • March 8, 2021
    Colombo offers WCT to India-Japan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Reports have emerged that Sri Lanka after reneging from the MOC signed with India and Japan on the East Container Terminal (ECT) has now offered the West Container Terminal (WCT) located on the other side of the jetty to India and Japan

  • March 8, 2021
    Boosting India-Maldives Security Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Government of Maldives has signed a pact with India for enhancing the capability of the MNDF and Maldivian Coast Guard

  • February 19, 2021
    Midflight Missile Interception
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is no doubt that midflight missile interception technology is of great strategic significance and once fully developed, China’s midcourse anti-ballistic missile technology could change the balance of power

  • February 19, 2021
    Growing Defence Exports
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With an aim to increase the current defence exports to $5 billion by 2025, Indian government has drawn an export list covering 85 kinds of equipment encompassing 125 items and 47 sub-systems to boost the defence exports

  • February 9, 2021
    COVID Speed Breaker of Defence Expectations
    By Lt. General Dushyant Singh (Retd)

    Despite India being at No 3 spot globally with only USA and China ahead of it in defence spending, the gap is huge with China. Chinese expenditure was four times that of India. This is likely to convey an impression of weakness to our primary adversary China in the face of recent happenings in Ladakh.

  • February 9, 2021
    Defence Allocation 2021
    By Major General Yash Mor (Retd)

    India spends one of the lowest on defence among the top six economies of the world as a percent of the GDP. At a time when the nation is faced with a war like situation with China in the northern borders, it was expected that the defence spending will get a boost.

  • February 1, 2021
    Defence Budget for FY 2021-2022
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The defence budget for 2021-22 is still less than 2 percent of the Union budget. There were expectations of larger funds to prepare the Armed Forces for a possible conflict with China and a two-front war.

  • February 1, 2021
    GPS Circle Spoofing and Electronic Attacks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Various events in the recent past have pointed towards GPS disruptions as the cause of the accident. Iran is the first nation to publicly announce it had the ability to spoof GPS signals and appears to have used it to great advantage.

  • January 20, 2021
    America’s Indo-Pacific Plan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Three documents released in Washington DC during January 2021 are notable. One is the fact sheet covering activity of the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China, which leaves little doubt about China’s deceit and disinformation about the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic that has already resulted some two million killed globally and over 10 million infected.

  • January 20, 2021
    Defence Budget 2021-2022
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is scheduled to present the Union Budget for FY2021-2022 on February 1. There are varied suggestions and expectations.

  • January 20, 2021
    Pakistani Subterfuge for FATF
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Ahead of the next plenary of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) scheduled from February 21-26, 2021 in Paris, which may be held virtually, Pakistan is engaged in playing the usual ruse by taking face saving measures against designated terrorist...

  • January 7, 2021
    America’s Tibet Policy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A new landmark was established in US-China relations when US President Donald Trump signed the Tibetan Policy and Support Act (TPSA) 2020 on December 28, 2020 making it a law. Earlier the TPSA was passed by the US Senate.

  • December 20, 2020
    SMASH 2000 Plus for Navy
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh in his annual press briefing on the eve of Navy Day in December 2020 has said that the Navy is procuring SMASH 2000 Plus as anti-drone equipment to protect against attacking drones.

  • December 7, 2020
    India’s Message to SCO
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Vice President Venkaiah Naidu on November 30 chaired the 19th Session of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Council of Heads of Government held in virtual mode.

  • December 7, 2020
    BrahMos – Time to Go Global
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    BrahMos missile is one of its own kind supersonic missile having a maximum speed of 2.8 Mach (around 3,450 kmph or 2,148 mph) which is difficult to intercept by surface-to-air missiles including because of its immense ability to evade various radars.

  • November 20, 2020
    The Depsang Tangle
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament Subramanian Swamy created quite a flutter on Twitter with his tweet on November 15 that read: “I asked a national security officer how could the Chinese PLA build such an extensive infrastructure in such short period in Depsang.

  • November 20, 2020
    Beyond the ASAT Capability
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Mission ‘Shakti’ executed on March 27, 2019, successfully shooting down a low-earth satellite, demonstrated India’s anti-satellite (ASAT) capabilities. This enabled India to join the elite club of countries having similar capabilities; the US, Russia and China.

  • November 7, 2020
    Indo-US 2+2 Dialogue – New Chapter?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The third India-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue held last month in New Delhi between Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar of India with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mark T. Esper...

  • November 7, 2020
    Defence against Swarm Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Islamic State used multiple drones on many occasions against the US and Iraqi forces engaged in retaking territory seized by them in Iraq. On January 5, 2018, 13 x GPS guided drones launched more than 50 km away attacked the Russian Air and Naval Bases at Khemmiem and Tartus in West Syria respectively.

  • October 20, 2020
    Beijing’s Continued Logjam
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Seventh Corps Commander level India-China talks at Chushul on October 12 remained largely inconclusive as expected. The joint statement as reported in Chinese media had similar diplomatic scripts as earlier saying...

  • October 20, 2020
    The Missile Punch
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    In a signal to China, India conducted a slew of missile tests recently. These included the 400-km extended range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, the Shaurya hypersonic missile, a low skimming subsonic Nirbhay cruise missile, SMART long range torpedoes, and RUDRAM anti-radiation missile.

  • October 1, 2020
    Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence Minister Rajnath Singh released Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 on September 28, 2020 which is an improvement on the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016.

  • October 1, 2020
    Boosting Combat Drones Capability
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    As China remains hostile with its state media saying China does not recognise the Union Territory of Ladakh, established “illegally” by India, India is going in for boosting its combat drones capabilities.

  • September 5, 2020
    Defence Minister at SCO Meet
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence Minister Rajnath Singh left for a three-day visit to Russia on September 2 for attending the defence ministers meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

  • September 5, 2020
    2020 India-US 2+2 Dialogue
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The 2020 India-US 2+2 formal dialogue between foreign and defence ministries is likely to take place later this month after External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar is back from Russia after attending the SCO foreign ministers meet on September 10.

  • September 5, 2020
    Super Swarm Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    It was reported in these columns that the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has provided ‘Bharat’ surveillance drones’ produces by the Chandigarh-based Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory (TBRL) to the troops engaged in a standoff with China in Eastern Ladakh.

  • August 24, 2020
    Aatmanirbhar Reset 2.0
    By Lt. General R.K. Jagga (Retd)

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given a clarion call to use these trying times to become Aatmanirbhar (self-reliant). Defence Manufacturing in India has huge potential and can bring a transformative change, but is the industry ready to rise up to challenges and uncover the opportunities therein.

  • August 24, 2020
    China adopts an aggressive posture against Japan
    By Air Marshal B.K. Pandey (Retd)

    From the aggressive posture that China has adopted in the region, it is clear that focus of her policy is directed against Japan, her most powerful enemy in the region.

  • August 20, 2020
    Modi-Abe Summit Coming Up
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The India-Japan summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe which got postponed last year is scheduled for early next month, the tentative date for which according to sources is September 10.

  • August 20, 2020
    India’s Infrastructure Push in Maldives
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Located about 600 km off the southwest coast of India and 750 km southwest of Sri Lanka, Maldives consists of a double chain of 26 atolls spread over 90,000 sq km of territory.

  • August 20, 2020
    Make in India Stealth Submarines
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Chinese aggression in Eastern Ladakh appears to have egged the government in giving impetus to the Indian Navy’s Project 75(I) (P75(I)). Project 75(I)-class submarine is follow-on of the Project 75 Kalvari-class submarine for the Indian Navy.

  • August 20, 2020
    ANI should be Andaman & Nicobar Islands (ANI)
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    On August 10, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated India’s first undersea fibre optics cable project linking Chennai with Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI). The project has been aptly named CANI; Chennai - Andaman and Nicobar.

  • August 7, 2020
    China-Pakistan Collusive Threat
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    News reports of July 22 cited Defence Minister Rajnath Singh having asked the Armed Forces to be prepared to respond at short notice as also build and sustain military capabilities to deter any adversary in the long run.

  • July 29, 2020
    Desperate Quad
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    An isolated China attempts fortifying alliances in frustration