Experts Speak

  • August 10, 2022
    The Choppy Waters of Taiwan Straits
    By Major General Atanu K Pattanaik (Retd)

    US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's stop in Taipei is the first time that a US House speaker has visited Taiwan in 25 years and has fueled US-China tensions

  • August 2, 2022
    Chinese Muscle Flexing
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Chinese fighter jets, including J-11, have been flying close to the Line of Actual Control (LAC) over past few weeks, in direct violation of the 10-km Confidence Building Measures (CBM) mutually agreed with India

  • August 2, 2022
    Navy's Fighter – Rafale or F/A-18?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Tests of the French Rafale and the American F/A-18 Super Hornet took place from late May to June at the Indian Navy's test site at Hansa Air Base in Goa

  • August 2, 2022
    Joint Theatre Commands
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is no escaping the military logic of creating suitably constituted Integrated Theatre Commands and Functional Commands for the Armed Forces as a whole

  • August 2, 2022
    AI Enabled ATV and QRFV
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Collaborative work done in the field of AI is being done by the three Services, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), iDEX start-ups and the private sector

  • August 2, 2022
    Navy Gets MH-60R Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The induction of MH-60Rs will significantly boost the integral Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) capability and the capability to conduct a range of operations in all weather conditions in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). The addition of MH-60R Seahawk helicopters will also help boost the combat power of the Indian Navy.

  • July 14, 2022
    The Race for Navy's Fighter Aircraft
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The French Rafale and the American F-18 are engaged in the process of operational demonstrations to the Indian Navy, preceding the all-important trials. The Navy will then have to decide what numbers are required in the interim period before the TEDBF is inducted.

  • July 5, 2022
    India's Third Aircraft Carrier
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    India must take a call on the third aircraft carrier if we need to be counted as a regional power not only in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) but also in the Indo-Pacific

  • July 5, 2022
    Maiden Flight of ALH-Dhruv (Wheeled Version)
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The prototype helicopter was built with 'Segmented Pre-Cone MRBs' and 'Pre-Cone MRH'. The two-segment MRBs and the pre-cone configuration have been developed to address the stringent stowage dimension requirement specified by the Indian Navy

  • July 5, 2022
    Indigenous Loitering Munitions, UAS Drones, ATGM
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    These are all good developments which need quick follow up actions. 25 per cent of the domestic capital procurement budget (amounting to 21,149 crore) has been earmarked for acquisitions from the domestic private industry this year. This needs to be fully utilised with necessary prioritisation.

  • July 5, 2022
    Indigenous Next Generation Corvettes – and more
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The DAC accorded AoN for procurement of the Next Generation Corvettes (NGCs) to be built at an estimated cost of 36,000 crore by an Indian shipyard and constructed based on new in-house design of the Indian Navy using latest technology of ship building

  • June 20, 2022
    Defence Minister's Vietnam Visit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both India and Vietnam shared views on the significance of maintaining peace, stability, maritime and aviation security, safety and freedom in the East Sea, as well as settling disputes through peaceful measures according to global norms, UNCLOS, and need to reach an efficient Code of Conduct (COC) in the East Sea

  • June 20, 2022
    Chinese Base in Cambodia
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The new secret Chinese military base in Cambodia ought to wake up America’s political class, including the US Navy brass, to what is fast becoming a global Chinese challenge

  • June 20, 2022
    China's AI-Powered Drone-Ship and Super-Carrier
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The world's first AI-operated drone carrier Zhu Hai Yun is capable of launching surface and sub-surface drones that would be invaluable for data collection...

  • June 20, 2022
    Naval Ships 'Surat' and 'Udaygiri' Launched
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The 'Surat' and 'Udaygiri' warships have been designed in-house by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and built at the Mumbai-based MDL. In the coming days, India will not only cater to its needs in the arena of shipbuilding, but will also take care of the requirements of others.

  • June 5, 2022
    QUAD is Not another NATO
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    QUAD lacks any worthwhile muscular policy and the US will likely continue to sit on the fence and let others do the fighting

  • June 5, 2022
    Astra Mk-2 Missile
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Astra Mk-2, which uses dual-pulse solid rocket motor for extended reach and better kinematics during the kill phase, is likely to be tested shortly and will restore the air-to-air combat superiority of the IAF over the PAF

  • June 5, 2022
    India-Japan Defence Collaboration
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indo-Japanese defence relations have witnessed an upsurge in recent years which includes joint bi-lateral and multi-lateral exercises. The next 2+2 Indo-Japanese Foreign and Defence Ministerial Meeting is to be held in Japan at the earliest.

  • May 23, 2022
    The QUAD – Way Ahead
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    The QUAD must prove that it can be an effective body, both to demonstrate its utility to its own members and to show to the regional community that it is capable of solving regional problems

  • May 16, 2022
    Boosting Indo-French Strategic Partnership
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence will likely continue as the cornerstone of the India-France Strategic Partnership, which has been further cemented through the recent meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron

  • May 16, 2022
    Offsets and Strategic Partnerships
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The offset clause in Inter-Government Agreements (IGA) was removed pursuant a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) tabled in Parliament, which said several offset contracts built into multiple defence deals had failed to bring in high-end military technology into the country

  • May 5, 2022
    Beyond The Moskva Sinking
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The threat to naval platforms comes primarily from aircraft and torpedoes but technological advancements in surveillance capabilities, that are networked with missiles based on air, land, and sea platforms, have certainly increased the vulnerability of surface naval assets

  • May 5, 2022
    Of Lasers and UAVs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There are good developments but the need is of speed, given the technological developments globally, particularly in China

  • May 5, 2022
    India-UK Defence Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Prime Minister Narendra Modi reiterated their commitment to boost the defence and security cooperation under the India-UK Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and enhance engagements in support of a free, open and secure Indo-Pacific

  • May 5, 2022
    Drone Making in India
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The government has announced easing of rules for registration and operation of drones in the country, as also the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme worth 120 crore to boost indigenous manufacturing of drones

  • April 16, 2022
    Fourth Indo-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The 2+2 Dialogue was broad based with in-person meetings between the respective Defence Ministers and Foreign Ministers of both countries, preceded by a virtual summit between PM Modi and President Biden

  • April 16, 2022
    Made in India Advances
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Privatisation is the way for India’s defence industry to grow as we have more than enough potential in the private sector

  • April 6, 2022
    Military Satellites
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Currently, India has only two dedicated military satellites - the GSAT-7 (Rukmini) and GSAT-7A (Angry Bird) used by the Indian Navy and Air Force respectively. The GSAT-7B satellite would help the Indian Army enhance its surveillance in border areas.

  • April 6, 2022
    Boost to India-Maldives Relations
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Visit of External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar is testimony to the importance that India attaches to its close and friendly relations with the Maldives

  • March 16, 2022
    Ukraine Conflict is America Contrived
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    There is no prospect of peace because the US does not want it. Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is an American puppet playing proxy to the US, and has no compunctions about the destruction of his country.

  • March 16, 2022
    Atmanirbhar in Defence
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    “The biggest lesson is that we have to be ready to fight future wars with indigenous weapons and the steps towards Atmanirbhar Bharat in defence should be taken more urgently” —General Manoj Mukund Naravane, Chief of the Army Staff

  • March 7, 2022
    The Russia-Ukraine War – A Maritime Perspective
    By Vice Admiral A.K. Chawla (Retd)

    The warm waters of the Black Sea have been critical to Russia since the 17th century, as they have provided year-long access to ice-free waters and direct access to the Mediterranean and through that, to the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

  • March 7, 2022
    Sanctions against Russia has wider ramifications
    By Lt. General J.K. Sharma (Retd)

    Although economic sanctions are widely used, their effectiveness is often debated. For now, Western governments are putting a higher priority on their support for Ukraine but soon they will need to weigh on how much pain they are prepared to inflict on their own people.

  • February 28, 2022
    MILAN-2022 and the Indo-Pacific
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    MILAN is a biennial multilateral exercise that has grown progressively in magnitude and this year will witness more than 40 countries sending their warships/high-level delegations

  • February 28, 2022
    Chinese Missile Repair Base in Bangladesh
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    It is presumed that the maintenance and overhaul facility being set up will double up as a production assembly line of the FM-90 air defence missile system and its advanced variants in future

  • February 21, 2022
    National Maritime Security Coordinator
    By Lt. General Naresh Chand (Retd)

    The proposal of the post creation was cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security during 2021, in order to strengthen the maritime security and ensuring cohesion among various key stakeholders

  • February 12, 2022
    Quantum Communications
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Quantum technology is evolving quickly and no doubt will have a significant impact not only on warfare but also in terms of national security. However, experts are still not certain what exactly this impact will be!

  • February 2, 2022
    Defence Budget Allocation 2022-2023
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Defence Budget 2022-23 has been increased to 5.25 lakh crore for 2022-23 from the previous FY allocation of 4.78 lakh crore with a major push on ensuring self-reliance in manufacturing of military platforms

  • February 2, 2022
    SPARSH – Bane of Vulnerable Segment?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    SPARSH will create unending problems for the pensioners, widows and disabled veterans, and as such, should have been discussed with veterans before commencing its implementation

  • February 2, 2022
    Learning Ancient Indian Statecraft
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Our ancient texts have universal applicability and drawing the right lessons would help us not only in strengthening our cultural values but also in building credible national security architecture

  • January 29, 2022
    Look Beyond Traditional Contact Warfare
    By Lt. General Abhay Krishna (Retd)

    Are we prepared today to foil a cyber-attack on our Railway Network, Banking System or Power Grid? The nature of cyber-attacks is such that it is almost always difficult to pinpoint the source of the attack, giving perpetrating nation-states plausible deniability.

  • January 15, 2022
    Defence Budget 2022-23
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The crux of a defence budget should be to systematically improve the military's capability to meet future threats in keeping with the changing battlefield environments in the 'shortest possible period'

  • January 15, 2022
    The Railgun
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The railgun is a linear motor, typically designed as a weapon which uses electromagnetic force to launch high velocity projectiles that do not contain explosives but rely on the projectile's mass, high speed and kinetic energy to inflict damage

  • January 15, 2022
    BrahMos Exports Get Going
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Negotiations for BrahMos between India and the Philippines had been going on for the last few years but the obvious roadblock was Manila’s budgetary constraints

  • January 3, 2022
    Samudrayan and Indigenous AERV
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    First unmanned trial of MATSYA 6000 and the induction of the first set of indigenously developed next-generation Armoured Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle (AERV) will contribute immensely to Atmanirbhar Bharat

  • January 3, 2022
    Agni-P, Pralay and SMART Tested
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) massed up along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) for possible conflict, India has conducted multiple tests of strategic and tactical strike weapons as a signal to China

  • December 13, 2021
    Indo-Russian Defence Cooperation
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The friendship between India and Russian has stood the test of times and through difficult situations. Both have now signed a programme of cooperation in the field of defence for the next ten years (2021-2031).

  • December 13, 2021
    SCO Cyber Security Seminar
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    This was the second time India was hosting such a cyber security seminar and first after it took over the Chair of SCO Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) Council

  • December 2, 2021
    Weapons by Private Firms
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Home Ministry held discussions with some 17 private companies for manufacture of arms. It is known that a number of Indian private companies are into defence manufacturing.

  • December 2, 2021
    Indigenous LCH, Drones and EW Suit
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi, speaking on the occasion of 'Rashtra Raksha Samarpan Parv' said, “For a long time, we were a nation that was a weapons and defence equipment buyer. Today the mantra is 'Make in India, Make for the World'.”

  • November 14, 2021
    Is China Readying for a Limited War?
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    China is hardening its force posture including in Eastern Ladakh; demonstrated by the series of operational and tactical measures it is continuing to take. This is hardly to only intimidate India.

  • November 14, 2021
    Boosting Naval Power
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Indian Navy hopes to raise its warships strength from the current 140 to 175 by 2027 which may look ambitious but give the government focus should be feasible

  • November 2, 2021
    China-Turkey Arming Pakistan
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A China-Pakistan-Turkey triad will be adverse for India both in the conventional and sub-conventional spheres, given that China-Pakistan and Turkey-Pakistan have already been collaborating at the sub-conventional level.

  • November 2, 2021
    New Russian Autonomous Underwater Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles (AUVs) can be used for underwater survey missions such as detecting and mapping submerged wrecks, rocks, and obstructions that can be a hazard to navigation for commercial and recreational vessels

  • October 27, 2021
    Ruckus About AUKUS
    By Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha (Retd)

    AUKUS is a military alliance in which sensitive technology will be transferred by the US to Australia which has the potential of tilting the strategic balance in the region

  • October 16, 2021
    Second Phase Malabar 2021
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The second phase of Malabar 2021 exercise is reflective of the commitment of the participating countries to support a free, open, inclusive Indo-Pacific as well as a rules-based international order

  • October 16, 2021
    Deep Sea - Lurking Danger
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) are already proliferating and as they grow in size and scope, they will add more complex and capable sonar, AI brains, communications links, and other technologies that will allow them to better monitor enemy submarine movements and attack them when required

  • October 6, 2021
    QUAD Leaders Summit and AUKUS
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    QUAD can actually be as powerful as AUKUS or even more, in case the capabilities of all members is built up suitably, under the pledge of sharing critical and futuristic technologies

  • October 6, 2021
    Rocket Force and Theatre Commands
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    A committee was constituted that includes Vice Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force, Chief of Integrated Defence Staff and representatives of other ministries and departments, to resolve internal differences of Armed Forces, consult external stake holders like the MHA and MoF and look into the structure, composition, nomenclature and reporting channels of the proposed tri-Service commands

  • October 6, 2021
    Simulators for Armed Forces
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The policy document lays emphasis on indigenous design and development as well as outsourcing of operation and maintenance of simulators to the Indian companies

  • October 6, 2021
    Prime Minister Modi Meets Global CEOs
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The excellent initiative taken by the Prime Minister in meeting with the CEOs of global firms will help improve the technological prowess of India, improve the economy, contribute towards Atmanirbhar Bharat and open up more employment opportunities

  • September 16, 2021
    India-Australia 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Both India and Australia agreed to work jointly to realise full potential of the bilateral Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP).

  • September 16, 2021
    Minesweeping Criticality
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Though the deal was supposed to be closed in 2016 but discussions on technology transfer (ToT) reportedly caused delays

  • September 16, 2021
    Forces Arming for Drone Warfare
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    All the three services of the Indian Armed Forces are moving ahead speedily for the acquisition of Drones and Anti-Drone technologies, mostly indigenous systems that are developed by Indian companies

  • September 16, 2021
    Landing Platform Docks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    After a lapse of over a decade, MoD now has again revived the project to indigenously build 4 x LPDs for the Indian Navy

  • September 6, 2021
    Vikrant's Light Signaling System
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Navy personnel have been trained by Aerosvet's engineers in installation of light signaling system on INS Vikrant

  • September 6, 2021
    Light Drone Interceptor
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The terrorist threat to India has gone up with the Taliban taking control of Afghanistan. The possibility of terrorists using drones has certainly gone up, as is the possibility of CBRN attacks.

  • August 21, 2021
    Geopolitical Shifts Could Unfold Post T-Afghanistan
    By Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha (Retd)

    China is entering this space created by the withdrawal of US troops. It will like to swiftly maneuver in order to gain significant advantage towards solidifying its continental strategy driven by BRI.

  • August 15, 2021
    US Superpower Image Cracks
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With the pull-out from Afghanistan, the superpower image of the US has taken a severe hit and that too at a time when Washington may have to deal with China and Russia collectively

  • August 15, 2021
    Maritime Security to The Fore
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    With increasing maritime threats, India is all set to establish a National Maritime Security Coordinator (NSMC). The NSMC will interface between the civilian and military maritime domain with the objective of enhancing security architecture and energy security of India.

  • August 6, 2021
    Coming - MQ-9 Reapers and Armed Herons
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Once cleared by the DAC, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) will need to give its final approval before procurement of the Predator-B armed drones can move forward

  • August 6, 2021
    Malabar Exercise - Signaling China
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    People's Republic of China should be taking cognizance of the global reaction to its belligerent and expansionist territorial claims including its maritime claims in the East and South China seas.

  • August 6, 2021
    Vikrant on Sea Trials
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Vikrant is also known as the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1, or IAC-1. It will be the second ship to bear the name 'Vikrant'.

  • July 19, 2021
    China's Underwater Drones
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Mass deployment of Drones gives a tremendous underwater advantage to Beijing not only for quietly gathering hydrographic data in territorial waters of other countries but also military advantage to the PLA

  • July 19, 2021
    Procuring Kamov Helicopters
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    The Armed Forces urgently need 498 light utility helicopters to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah/Chetak fleets, which have been dogged by a high crash rate and serviceability problems.

  • July 6, 2021
    Defence Cyber Command
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    Indian Government is planning to set up a 'proper' Cyber Command in the hinterland of Madhya Pradesh for providing a fighting edge to the proposed Theatre Commands

  • June 22, 2021
    Second Negative Import List
    By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd)

    An all around growth of our defence industry is required, not through the DRDO-OFB-DPSUs alone with role of private defence industry and MSMEs relegated to being subcontracted to the governmental defence industrial complex