Both India and Australia agreed to work jointly to realise full potential of the bilateral Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP)
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister Dr S. Jaishankar with Defence MInister of Australia, Peter Dutton and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Women, Australia, Marise Payne at the ‘2+2’ Ministerial level meeting between India and Australia, in New Delhi on September 11, 2021.
External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh held the in-person 2+2 ministerial dialogue with their Australian counterparts Marise Payne and Peter Dutton respectively on September 11, 2021. The visiting Australian ministers later also called on Prime Minister Narendra Modi. India already has 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue with the US and Japan and is in the process of institutionalising such a framework with Russia.
In June 2020, India and Australia had elevated their ties to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP) and signed a landmark deal for reciprocal access to military bases for logistics support during an online summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison. The Australian Navy was part of the recent Malabar naval exercise that also featured navies of India, the US and Japan.
During the 2+2 Dialogue, both countries discussed institutional frameworks for wide-ranging collaboration including expanding military engagements across services and facilitate greater sharing of critical information in line with their resolve to significantly expand strategic ties. Regional and international developments including the situation in Afghanistan and issues pertaining to the Indo-Pacific region were discussed.
On conclusion of the 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue, a joint statement was issued, highlights of which include:
- reaffirmed commitment to fully implement the CSP based on mutual trust and understanding, common interests and shared values of democracy and rule of law;
- reiterated importance of advancing shared objective of an open, free, prosperous and rules-based Indo-Pacific region;
- expand cooperation under the 2+2 framework meeting at least every two years;
- mutual resolve to combat COVID-19;
- welcome launch of India-Australia-Japan Supply Chain Resilience Initiativereiterating support to global economic recovery;
- boost cooperation in the maritime domain of Indo-Pacific in line with Joint Declaration on a Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific, adopted in 2020;
- commitment to free, open, inclusive and rules-based Indo-Pacific region; Code of Conduct in South China Sea should be fully consistent with international law, particularly UNCLOS;
- commitment to centrality of ASEAN;
- commitment to Quad and its agenda for cooperation in COVID-19 vaccines, maritime security, climate change, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, connectivity and infrastructure and critical and emerging technologies;
- cooperation in climate change and energy security to support global response;
- concern over developments in Myanmar and Afghanistan and its impact on regional stability;
- reiterated importance of India-Australia defence relationship - Australia invited India to participate in future Talisman Sabre exercises;
- agreement to reinforce mutual maritime domain awareness through information sharing and practical cooperation;
- commitment for free global commons and keeping nations secure from terrorism and piracy;
- increased cooperation in defence technologies and cooperation in defence industries including Unmanned Vehicles and other niche technologies;
- cooperation in space cyber-security, innovation, digital economy, cyber and critical technologies;
- commitment to strengthen global nonproliferation objectives;
- Australia’s strong support for India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG);
- increased cooperation in counterterrorism including in multilateral fora and support for early finalisation and adoption of a UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism, and;
- both sides look forward to holding the next 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue in 2023.
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh later tweeted, “At the India-Australia 2+2 meeting today, I and Dr Jaishankar had indepth and wide ranging discussion with Minister Payne and Minister Dutton on bilateral and regional issues. We have discussed various institutional frameworks for wide ranging collaboration including defence cooperation and fight against global pandemic. We exchanged views on Afghanistan, Maritime Security in the Indo-Pacific, cooperation in multilateral formats & other related topics”.
The 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue is aimed at further ramping up the overall defence and strategic cooperation between the two countries, including in the Indo-Pacific amid China’s increasing military assertiveness in the region. The defence and military cooperation between India and Australia has witnessed an upswing in the last few years and has vast scope of expansion. On September 24, US President Joe Biden is slated to chair a meeting of the Quad leaders.