Issue: 1-2020
Figure 1. The CLUB-T missiles combat use
Figure 2. The CLUB-T features
KALIBR complex was successfully employed during anti-terrorist campaign in Syria

Strike complex CLUB incorporating both the anti-ship cruise missile with a supersonic combat stage and the land-attack missile has been present at the international arms market for about 20 years. At first the complex served to arm submarines (named CLUB-S); then its OEM modified the complex for various carriers, namely, for surface ships (CLUB-N), aircraft (CLUB-A), self-propelled vehicle of the coast defense complex CLUB-M.

Though the placement of strike missiles on a mobile chassis was a natural step to involve new customers, currently there is no news neither on the contracts for the CLUB-M, nor on the plans of anybody to buy it. The probable reason is that the complex has proved monstrous since includes, besides the missile launchers per se, many separate functional units like mobile means of reconnaissance and targeting, of communication and control, of flight mission preparation, etc.

This experience was minded while creating another offspring of the CLUB family, the CLUB-T, first shown by the NOVATOR design bureau at the GDA 2017 exhibition in December 2017 in Kuwait. As opposed to the predecessor, all the equipment required for routing, for missile pre-launch preparation and launch, for communication, etc. is now placed on a self-propelled chassis together with six missiles in transport-and-launch canisters. The option shown in Kuwait had only land attack missile (named 3M-14E1). Its combat use is similar to any other land-attack CLUB missile (see Fig.1).

Since all the known CLUBs can attack both sea-surface and land targets using common both launcher and fire control system, it looks reasonable to include into the CLUB-T an anti-ship missile (designated 3M-54E2). It is being demonstrated by the CLUB-T OEM at the DEFEXPO-2020 exhibition. All the equipment necessary for this missile preparation and launch is also placed on the self-propelled chassis. For the missile combat use diagram, also see Fig.1.

The main features of the CLUB-T complex missiles are as follows:

  • takeoff mass – 1700 kg,
  • warhead mass – 450 kg,
  • flight speed at cruise – about 240 m/sec,
  • flight altitude:
    • over land from 50 m (for surface skimming) to 2000 (to fly over mountains)
    • over sea 20m (on the route), 5 m (before target)
  • firing accuracy:
    • land targets – maximum miss 50 m
    • sea targets – direct hit

The customer may order either two different missiles or a bit more costly universal missile to attack both land and sea-surface targets. To include an anti-ship missile into the CLUB-T complex is a way to considerably improve its marketability. The complex design ensures such important features like high mobility, autonomous and simple operation with minimum number of combat units resulting in minimum expenses for the complex acquisition and exploitation.

The successful combat use of the KALIBR complex was favorable also to its export version, the CLUB. The availability of such weapon would make any aggressor think twice. For the country not having enough resources for powerful Navy, having the CLUB-T would safeguard its sea and land border.